Sri Kalyani, Andhra Pradesh, India

Rice husk delivery to the Sri Kalyani CHP plant

This renewable energy project, located in Prathipadu village of Pentapadu Mandal (a Mandal is a District sub-region) in the West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh, was initiated in 2002 when the local region was experiencing a power crisis. The project utilizes rice husk and other surplus agricultural residues available in the region in a 4MW combined heat and power (CHP) plant, to generate high-pressure steam and electricity at a rice mill. The steam is utilized in the rice-milling process. The electricity is used partially at the mill and a steel plant at the same location. Surplus power is fed into the regional electricity grid, avoiding power production from fossil fuels.

  • Currently available CERs: 35,117

Supporting the Local Community

Development activities in Pentapadu Mandal

Distributing plates, cups, and classroom materials to teachers in Prathipadu Village

The promoters of this project are rice millers, operating one of the largest mills in the region. They procure and mill paddy and export the rice. The rice growing and milling is an important local source of employment for both skilled and unskilled workers. The proponent of this project – a flagship in our portfolio since 2008 – has been deeply engaged in a wide range of activities benefiting villages in the vicinity of the power plant for a number of years. Pentapadu Mandal is comprised of 20 villages and 26 hamlets. Activities have been carried out in the following villages: Prathipadu, Allampuram, Krishnaihpalem, Racherla, Juvvalapalem, Jagannadhapuram, and Tadepalligudem (a town). These villages were selected due to their proximity to the power plant and the low income levels and high level of unmet basic needs of the population.

Health & Education

A number of the activities carried out under the auspices of this project aim to fill in gaps in public-sector programs. For example, a government program provides school lunches to children from age 6 through 14. Students are expected, but commonly unable, to provide their own plates and cups. The schools also lack critical teaching materials such as writing tablets, slates and chalk and books, as well as school uniforms and sports equipment. At the request of the village elders, the project has been filling these gaps for the local schools and students on an annual basis since 2008. The project also provides local preschools (for children aged 2 through 5) with supplies. The promoter regularly distributes clothes for the elderly and needy.


Cleanliness drives for cleaning village streets are carried out annually to promote cleanliness and good hygiene among poorer sections of the populations living in the local villages. Villagers are educated regarding the health benefits of keeping the streets clean.

Clean Water

Planting and maintaining trees

Every year during the dry season (April through June) the villages face acute shortages of drinking water. The project owner provides clean water to the villages surrounding the power plant from a mobile water tanker that circulates amongst the villages.

Comfort & Safety

With summer temperatures exceeding 40°C (104°F), shade is an important resource in this region. More than 3,000 native trees have been planted (and protected with tree guards) to improve the greenery and provide shade in a number of villages surrounding the factory (Parthipadu, Allampuram, Tadepalligudem, Pentapadu, Racherla, and Juvvalapalem). One hundred low-income houses have been built for poor people near the project location. Support has been provided for repair and maintenance of the temples surrounding the villages. Street lights have been installed surrounding the factory to help people to move freely at night.

Broader Contributions to Sustainable Development

Employment Opportunities

This project has created approximately 750 skilled and unskilled employment opportunities, both at the CHP plant (150 jobs) and in the new biomass supply chain (600). It has played an important role in providing livelihoods to rural youth, in biomass (rice-husk & other agricultural residues) collection, processing, and transportation. This stimulates the local economy, which in turn encourages additional indirect employment opportunities.

Power Supply

The project provides an eco-friendly and more reliable power source, contributing to stabilizing the local grid in a rural area that is short of supply and subject to outages.

Avoiding Rural Migration

Distributing clean cooking/drinking water in the dry season, Prathipadu Village

By creating local employment opportunities the project mitigates migration of rural people to cities. The project also provides regional rice millers with additional revenues for their rice husks, which enables increased income transfers to paddy farmers, and generates additional income for rural farmers by creating commercial value for biomass waste products.

Improving the Local Environment

The biomass wastes utilized in the CHP plant would normally be burnt in the open air or left to decay in fields, resulting in high particulate emissions as well as ground water contamination.